"Iron Buddha", also known as "Tie Guan Yin", "Iron Goddess Oolong", "Tea of the Iron Bodhisattva" or simply "TGY", is probably the world's most renowned oolong, known from the early 1700s. According to legend, Emperor Qian Long (1711–1799) was impressed with the tea’s “weight of iron and appearance of Guan Yin”, hence the name, Iron Guan Yin. While it is often translated as "Iron Goddess of Mercy", probably due to the feminine depiction of Guan Yin in Chinese folk art, Guan Yin or Gua Shi Yin is the Chinese word for Avalokitasvara Bodhisattva, who in enlightened form is genderless.
Dongfang meiren (Chinese: 東方美人; literally: 'eastern beauty'), also known as "oriental beauty", "white-tip oolong" and "champagne oolong" is a heavily oxidised, non-roasted, tip-type oolong tea originating in Hsinchu County, Taiwan. It is an insect tea produced from leaves bitten by the tea jassid (Jacobiasca formosana), an insect that feeds on the tea plant. Terpenes such as linalool and geraniol are released in the bitten leaves, which creates a floral, fruity and honey-like taste.
Yellow tea is an increasingly rare and expensive variety of tea. The process for making yellow tea is similar to that of green but with an added step of encasing and steaming the tea. This allows the tea to oxidize at a slow rate for a brief period before the tea is heated fully to denature the oxidizing enzymes, producing a far more mellow taste than is found in most green teas; this also gives the leaves a slightly yellow coloring during the drying process. Yellow tea is often placed in the same category with green tea due to its light oxidation. One of the primary aims of making yellow tea is to remove the characteristic grassy smell of green tea.
Although some sources claim that shaded growing was practiced as early as the beginning of the 17th century, the first Gyokuro tea was officially produced during Edo period (1603-1868) in 1835 in Uji, by Kahei Yamamoto. Gyokuro is the most precious tea produced in Japan processed entirely by hand, and meticulous care is taken at every stage of its production. The distinctive characteristic of this process is that the fields in which it is grown are shaded for three weeks before harvesting, so 80-95% of the sun's rays are blocked.
Originating from one of the main four tea growing regions of China, the southern province of Guangdong is renowned for its mountain terrain, mineral-rich rocky soil composition, hot climatic conditions and most importantly the unique 600-year-old cultivars. All of these factors contribute to this tea’s naturally honey like sweetness and velvety smooth floral notes of orchid.